Mortgage Glossary

LATE CHARGE

 

The penalty a borrower must pay when a payment is made a stated number of days (usually 15) after the due date.

LEASE-PURCHASE MORTGAGE LOAN

 

An alternative financing option that allows low- and moderate-income home buyers to lease a home with an option to buy. Each month's rent payment consists of principal, interest, taxes and insurance (PITI) payments on the first mortgage plus an extra amount that accumulates in a savings account for a down payment.

LIABILITIES

 

A person's financial obligations. Liabilities include long-term and short-term debt.

LIFETIME PAYMENT CAP

 

For an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), a limit on the amount that payments can increase or decrease over the life of the mortgage.

LIFETIME RATE CAP

 

For an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), a limit on the amount that the interest rate can increase or decrease over the life of the loan. See Cap.

LINE OF CREDIT

 

An agreement by a commercial bank or other financial institution to extend credit up to a certain amount for a certain time.

LIQUID ASSET

 

A cash asset or an asset that is easily converted into cash.

LOAN

 

A sum of borrowed money (principal) that is generally repaid with interest.

LOAN-TO-VALUE (LTV) PERCENTAGE

 

The relationship between the principal balance of the mortgage and the appraised value (or sales price if it is lower) of the property. For example, a $100,000 home with an $80,000 mortgage has an LTV of 80 percent.

LOCK-IN PERIOD

 

The guarantee of an interest rate for a specified period of time by a lender, including loan term and points, if any, to be paid at closing. Short term locks (under 21 days), are usually available after lender loan approval only. However, many lenders may permit a borrower to lock a loan for 30 days or more prior to submission of the loan application.